The capital of Norway, Oslo, has almost a thousand years of history. Many buildings from different eras have remained here, however, the main part of the buildings appeared relatively recently. The busy pedestrian street Karl Johans stretches through the center of Oslo. Many restaurants, cafes and shops are open to visitors, the National Theater is located here. Ackerbrigge’s famous old harbor is also full of galleries, fine shops and restaurants.
According to ITYPEJOB, the former residence of the Akershus kings and the classic Royal Palace are adjacent to the high mirror hotel “Radisson SAS Plaza”. City Hall, University, National Gallery, Historical Museum, Gustav Vigeland Sculpture Park – all this will allow tourists to get to know Norway, its history and customs.
The Bigde peninsula, located not far from the center of the capital, strikes with a variety of original museums. The Folk Museum and the Open Air Museum will introduce visitors to the culture of the Norwegian people. The Museum of Viking Ships contains unique archaeological exhibits – boats and ships on which the ancient northern peoples crossed the Atlantic and tore off new lands. Another museum, the main attraction of which is the ship, is the Fram. It was on the Fram that R. Amundsen reached the shores of Antarctica and reached the South Pole. Here, the traveler Thor Heyerdahl founded the Kon-Tiki Museum, where the Kon-Tiki balsa raft and the Ra-2 papyrus raft are now on display. But Oslo museums are famous not only for travelers and their ships.. In the Ski Museum you can get acquainted with both the most primitive and the latest copies of this vehicle.
Fans of winter sports should visit the Bishlet Stadium, where they can go skating, and there is also an Olympic ski jump located within the city limits, where ski jumping competitions are held in winter.
Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago, which, among other islands, includes the Svalbard archipelago. Translated from Norwegian, this name means “harsh land”. The archipelago is located between 74 and 81 degrees N. sh. and 10 and 35 degrees E. only 10 degrees south of the North Pole. Its total area is 62 thousand square meters. km. The relief of the islands is mountainous, the highest point is located on Svalbard – Mount Newton (1712 m). Their shores are indented by fjords, and glaciers occupy more than half of the surface of the islands (35.1 thousand square kilometers). The depth of the permafrost is 500 m, there is not a single tree here! The polar day lasts from April 21 to August 21, and the polar night – from October 28 to February 20.
Svalbard was discovered in 1596 by the Dutchman Willem Barents. Before the First World War, these lands did not belong to anyone, but since 1920 they began to belong to Norway, when the Svalbard Treaty was signed in Paris, according to which full and absolute sovereignty over the archipelago was given to this country. However, another 39 countries participated in the signing of the agreement, they retained the right to use the archipelago for economic purposes, because large deposits of coal were discovered here. Today on Svalbard economic activity is carried out by Norway and Russia. There are two official languages in the archipelago – Norwegian and Russian. You don’t need a visa to enter Svalbard – a valid foreign passport is enough, but the easiest way to get here is through Norway, so you will definitely have to apply for a transit visa.
About half of the territory of Svalbard is a protected area. Three reserves were created here (Southern Spitsbergen, Coastal Strip and North-West Spitsbergen), two nature reserves (North-East and South-East Spitsbergen), three areas for the protection of flora (Middle Svalbard), as well as 15 bird sanctuaries (on the western coast).
The largest settlements of the island are Longyearbyen (the capital) and New Alesund, which belong to Norway, and Russian Barentsburg and Pyramid. Longyearbyen International Airport is located 5 km from the capital. In Longyearbyen, under the auspices of the UN, a world bank is being created to store planting material for all agricultural plants in the world. Each compartment of the bank belongs to a separate country. This repository is located at a depth of 300 meters in abandoned mines, and the permafrost ensures the safety of materials. Of the sights in the capital are the Evangelical Lutheran Church, a branch of the University of Tromso, on the main street there is a monument to miners, the Svalbard Museum is also interesting, where a collection of objects reflecting the history of the development of Svalbard is exhibited.
Traveling around the islands of Svalbard you will meet bird colonies (kittiwakes, thick-billed guillemots, eiders, red-footed geese, pink and fork-tailed gulls and ptarmigans), arctic fox, reindeer, polar bears, seals, walruses, oled seals and even the bowhead whale. Passing on special ships along the coastline of the islands, you can see the fjords and glaciers.