According to ITYPEJOB, Bucharest is the capital of Romania. In Romanian , Bucharest literally means “the possession of the Bucur family.” The city is located in Wallachia (a historical region in the south of the country). Bucharest was founded in 1459, in 1659 it became the capital of the principality of Wallachia, and after the unification of all the principalities in 1862, the common capital of Romania.
The most interesting is the Old Town – many historical monuments have been preserved here. This part of Bucharest acquired its present form between 1870 and 1920, turning from a village into a real European city. Most of the houses of that time were built with the participation of French architects, so Bucharest sometimes called “little Paris”. During the reign of Ceausescu, part of the Old City had to be demolished in order to build new buildings, the most impressive of them was the Parliament House, which stands in the city center on the square. Initially, he was conceived as the largest building in the world, now in terms of area it is second only to the Pentagon in the United States. International conferences are now held here. Other sights include the Cotroceni Palace. Its construction began in 1888, the interior halls of the palace are made in the neo-Renaissance style, the royal library, the queen’s bedroom and the richly decorated Norwegian Salon are of interest here. Very beautiful are the Palace of Justice, the Konstakudilo Palace, the Royal Palace, the building of the National Bank, Piazza Repubblica, Athenaeum, University Square with the building of the University. AT Bucharest even has a triumphal arch. It stands on Kiseleva Avenue. The arch was installed in 1922 in memory of the battles of the Romanian army in 1916-1918. At first it was made of wood, and in 1936 it was replaced with an arch made of reinforced concrete and granite. Be sure to visit the Manuka inn. This is the oldest hotel in Bucharest still in operation and was built in the early 19th century.
Many old churches have been preserved in the city. For example, the Church of Stavropoleos, which was built in 1724, its frontal part is supported by six columns of carved stone, or the Church of Bărăcii, the first Roman Catholic church in Bucharest which was built in the 17th century. You can also see the Cathedral of the Patriarchy, the Cathedral of St. George the Old, the churches of St. Aron, the Patriarchal and Croculescu, as well as the monasteries of Plumbuita, Antim and Mihai Voda.
Interesting museums in Budapest. The National Art Museum displays works by Romanian masters such as Brâncuși, Grigorescu, Amman and Andreescu, as well as Western artists such as Rembrandt, Rubens, El Greco, Renoir and Cezanne. In the Museum of Folk Art of the Village, which is one of the first open-air ethnographic museums, you will see examples of rural architecture and models of the famous wooden churches. You can also visit the Museum of the History of Romania, located in the building of the former main post office Bucharest, the Peasant’s Museum with a collection of folk and agricultural tools, household appliances, fabrics and clothing, the Museum of Natural History, the Museum of the composer Jorge Enescu, where his manuscripts and personal belongings are exhibited, and the Astronomical Observatory.
There are places in the city where you can relax in silence – these are green parks such as Cizmigiu, Herestrau, Parkul Karol and the Botanical Garden near the Cotroceni Palace.
In the suburbs of Bucharest, there is also something to see – the monasteries of Chernika, Calderushan or Tsyganesti, and especially Snagov, where, according to legend, Count Dracula himself is buried, or the Stibrey Palace in the city of Bufeta
Constanta is a major Romanian port on the Black Sea coast. In the 6th century BC. the city was a Greek colony, in 29 BC. e. it was conquered by the Romans, from the 15th to the beginning of the 19th century it was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, and since 1878 it has been part of Romania.
The patron saint of the city is the Roman poet Ovidios, who lived here in exile for most of his life, now on one of the streets of the city there is a statue of him, made in 1887 by the sculptor Ettore Ferrari. Of the religious monuments in the city, the Orthodox Cathedral, the Catholic Church and the Mosque have been preserved, all of them were built in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. The casino building is very beautiful. Of particular interest are the Aquarium, Dolphinarium and Planetarium, as well as the Museum of Natural History and Archeology, the Museum of Romanian Navigation, and Ethnography.
The city has its own beaches, and the main beach resorts of Romania are very close – Mamaia, Mangalia, Jupiter and the Olympus-Neptune complex. Some of them have spa-centers.