Van Horn, Texas

By | April 26, 2023

According to Localcollegeexplorer, Van Horn, Texas is a small city located in the southwest corner of the state. It sits at an elevation of 4,060 feet above sea level, making it one of the highest points in Texas. The climate is arid and mostly dry with hot summers and cool winters. Rainfall is scarce, averaging only 14 inches annually.

The history of Van Horn dates back to the late 1800s when it was founded as a trading post on the San Antonio-El Paso Road. In 1910, a railroad was built through Van Horn that connected to El Paso and other parts of Texas. This spurred economic growth and brought more people to the area. Today, Van Horn is known for its booming tourism industry thanks to its proximity to nearby attractions such as Big Bend National Park and Carlsbad Caverns National Park.

Politics in Van Horn are generally conservative with most residents voting Republican in elections. The economy is largely based on ranching and farming but there has been an influx in recent years of new businesses setting up shop in town due to its close proximity to larger cities like El Paso and Midland/Odessa.

Van Horn Independent School District provides education for public school students from pre-kindergarten through 12th grade. There are also several private schools within a 30 mile radius that families can choose from if they wish to send their children elsewhere for their education needs.

The city has many landmarks that make it unique including historic buildings such as the old post office building which dates back to 1911, historic churches like First Presbyterian Church which was built in 1901, and beautiful parks like Central Park which was established in 1930 by local ranchers who wanted a place for their families to congregate during hot summer days. Additionally, there are several museums located throughout town that provide visitors with insight into the history of Van Horn including The Old Cowtown Museum which houses artifacts from early settlers who lived here during the 1800s and 1900s.

Population: 2,435. Estimated population in July 2020: 2,157 (-11.4% change)
Males: 1,218 (50.0%), Females: 1,217 (50.0%)

Culberson County

Zip code: 79855

Median resident age: 31.5 years
Median household income: $24,432
Median house value: $32,000

Races in Van Horn:

  • Hispanic (78.6%)
  • Other race (31.5%)
  • White Non-Hispanic (18.4%)
  • Two or more races (2.1%)
  • American Indian (0.9%)
  • Black (0.7%)

(Total can be greater than 100% because Hispanics could be counted in other races)

Ancestries: English (3.9%), Irish (3.9%), United States (2.1%), German (1.9%).

Elevation: 4047 feet

Land area: 2.9 square miles

Van Horn, Texas


Van Horn, Texas is a small town of 2,435 people located in the western part of the state. The population is mostly made up of Caucasian Americans and Hispanic Americans, with a small percentage of African Americans. The median age in Van Horn is 33 years old, which is slightly lower than the national average. The population density is relatively low compared to other towns in the area, at just over 1 person per square mile. Most residents live in single-family homes or apartments.

The economy of Van Horn consists mainly of ranching and farming operations that employ many local residents. Oil production has been a major part of the town’s economy since its inception in 1933, and continues to provide jobs for many citizens today. Tourism has also become an important part of Van Horn’s economy due to its proximity to Big Bend National Park and other popular attractions such as Guadalupe Mountains National Park and Carlsbad Caverns National Park. There are also several restaurants, bars, and shops located throughout town that cater to visitors from all over Texas and beyond.

For population 25 years and over in Van Horn

  • High school or higher: 53.4%
  • Bachelor’s degree or higher: 12.5%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 3.9%
  • Unemployed: 6.7%
  • Mean travel time to work: 11.4 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Van Horn town

  • Never married: 22.1%
  • Now married: 58.9%
  • Separated: 3.0%
  • Widowed: 7.2%
  • Divorced: 8.8%

15.1% Foreign born (14.5% Latin America).

Population change in the 1990s: -492 (-16.8%).


Hospital/medical center in Van Horn:


Other hospitals/medical centers near Van Horn:

  • REEVES COUNTY HOSPITAL (about 94 miles; PECOS, TX)


Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Van Horn:

  • CAVERN CITY AIR TRML (about 98 miles; CARLSBAD, NM; Abbreviation: CNM)
  • EL PASO INTL (about 119 miles; EL PASO, TX; Abbreviation: ELP)
  • BIGGS AAF (about 120 miles; FORT BLISS/EL PASO/, TX; Abbreviation: BIF)

Other public-use airports nearest to Van Horn:

  • CULBERSON COUNTY (about 4 miles; VAN HORN, TX; Abbreviation: VHN)
  • DELL CITY MUNI (about 67 miles; DELL CITY, TX; Abbreviation: 2E5)
  • MARFA MUNI (about 74 miles; MARFA, TX; Abbreviation: MRF)

Colleges and Universities

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Van Horn:

  • SUL ROSS STATE UNIVERSITY (about 94 miles; ALPINE, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,076)
  • EL PASO COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 117 miles; EL PASO, TX; Full-time enrollment: 11,127)
  • THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT EL PASO (about 126 miles; EL PASO, TX; Full-time enrollment: 12,071)
  • NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-MAIN CAMPUS (about 158 miles; LAS CRUCES, NM; Full-time enrollment: 12,562)
  • NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-DONA ANA (about 158 miles; LAS CRUCES, NM; Full-time enrollment: 2,380)
  • ODESSA COLLEGE (about 175 miles; ODESSA, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,555)
  • MIDLAND COLLEGE (about 202 miles; MIDLAND, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,800)


Public high school in Van Horn:

  • VAN HORN H S (Students: 187; Location: 801 N FANNIN ST; Grades: 09 – 12)

Public primary/middle schools in Van Horn:

  • EAGLE EL (Students: 309; Location: 801 N FANNIN ST; Grades: PK – 05)
  • VAN HORN J H (Students: 169; Location: 801 N FANNIN ST; Grades: 06 – 08)


Library in Van Horn:

  • VAN HORN CITY COUNTY LIBRARY (Operating income: $62,193; Location: 410 CROCKETT ST; 14,717 books; 421 audio materials; 754 video materials; 37 serial subscriptions)