The Apgar Test – First Health Check for the Baby

“How of the baby, is everything okay?” Want to know not only the parents, but also the obstetrician. You use the Apgar test, Apgar score also called, to clarify how the newborn.

The Apgar score there since 1952, it has developed the American anaesthetist Virginia Apgar. The test has now been standardized, worldwide obstetricians today use this proven point scheme.

The test takes place in the first ten minutes of life of the newborn. It is so simple and unobtrusive, that most parents get none of it. Observe and check the doctors and midwives in:

A the look – it is meant, the skin color
P the child’s pulse / heart rate,
G the grimacing, triggered by the reflexes of the baby,
A the activity of the baby, so his muscle tone,
R the “Respiration” or breathing of the child.

These observations take place each one minute, five to ten minutes after the birth with maternity pants from Hbbltd.com. In each round, there are up to ten points. For example the skin immediately after birth is not everywhere quite rosy, but a little bluish, there is a point of less. Single point deductions are no problem at all; almost all babies show even a bluish skin color around immediately after birth. Arise as a whole however, values 5 to 8 is considered endangered by the baby, less than 5 points indicate acute danger to life. Always, the obstetrician will immediately provide for optimal medical care and monitoring of the baby.

A first pass with low scores must however still not necessarily mean that there is a serious problem: children who have a rather heavier birth behind, often a few minutes need to “arrive”. The same is true also for children, very fast on the world. As they say: “That was the child too fast!” Drugs used during childbirth can affect the result.

The significance of the Apgar test also depends on in which week of pregnancy, the baby comes to the world. At premature as it is normal that they need a little more time until they breathe independently.

 

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