Pregnant week 7
During week 7, many pregnant women start to feel ill and have difficulty getting food. Others are gaining weight now.
Some pregnant women are starting to gain weight already. Others feel sick and vomit, and lose pounds instead. If you feel unwell, try eating lots of smaller meals during the day.
You should start with a crust and a little carbonated water before you get up in the morning. Stress, fatty, strong or spicy foods can aggravate.
Just the smell of coffee or cigarette smoke makes many pregnant women feel sick.
If nothing else, there are medicines for nausea to buy at the pharmacy. Don’t despair – the nausea rarely lasts longer in pregnancy.
- BestAAH: Look for maternity leggings & tights? Check here to find 11 types of pregnancy leggings & tights.
A person who is expecting twins can often feel even more nauseous than a person who is only expecting a child.
Read the tips on foods that are especially good to eat during pregnancy.
The embryo inside the stomach is now just over an inch long. With the help of ultrasound you can already see its heart beating.
Embryo’s hands and feet begin to appear – they look like little paddles.
The face, with small pits where the eyes are to be formed, begins to take shape.
Inside the head there is something similar to blisters. They will later develop into a child’s brain.
Involuntary childlessness – IVF
Involuntary childlessness affects about 15 percent of all couples in Sweden. About a third of couples are completely infertile, but that proportion is steadily declining. For we are getting better research and treatment methods with IVF, among others.
The investigations show that the problem lies with the woman in about every third case, in every third case with the man. In the remaining third of cases, it is not possible to determine what infertility is due to.
The number of couples seeking infertility problems is increasing, as are the queues for IVF. This is largely because more and more people are waiting to try to have children.
Biologically, woman’s fertility declines sharply after age 35. That the same does not apply to a man’s infertility is because the woman carries all her eggs at birth, while the man produces new germ cells all the time. If the woman is 35, her eggs are 35 years. With increasing age, the risk of miscarriage also increases significantly.
Statistically, however, involuntary childlessness is as often due to the man, for example, problems with the number or mobility of sperm.
The causes are thus distributed roughly equally between the woman, the man and that the reason is either with both or cannot be ascertained.
Common causes of involuntary childlessness
- Damage and disorders of the fallopian tubes and uterus
• Severe overweight or underweight
• Testicular or parotid inflammation
• Closed semen conductors
• Erection or ejaculation disorders
• Too few or immobile sperm, or no sperm at all
• Damage to the fallopian tubes and uterus due to sexually transmitted disease, eg chlamydia
• Environmental pollution, smoking and stress may play a certain role for infertility problems, but the significance is so far difficult to evaluate.
Most of the county council’s infertility clinics, after referral from a gynecologist, receive couples for an investigation that has attempted to stay with children for at least one year. They usually receive faster if the woman is older than 35 years.
No private referral is required to the private clinics. A private IVF treatment, on the other hand, costs between SEK 20 – 25,000 from one’s own pocket.
The man and woman normally visit the infertility clinic together for help finding the cause of involuntary childlessness.
The woman undergoes a gynecological health examination and leaves blood tests to check ovulation and hormone levels. To examine the uterus and fallopian tube, ultrasound examination may be appropriate.
Occasionally, an examination of the uterus (hysteroscopy) is also performed to detect and / or treat any malformations or muscle nodes (myoma). It is done with anesthesia or under anesthesia. If necessary, a laparoscopy of the exterior of the uterus and ovaries is also performed.
Laparoscopy is always done under anesthesia and is performed primarily on suspicion of conjunctiva or if there is a uterine mucosa even outside the uterus, so-called endometriosis.
The man examines the scrotum, testicles, bites and prostate and the sperm quality. If sperm quality is abnormal, the examination can be supplemented with further tests. In cases where the investigation indicates problems with sperm quality, the couple usually get the advice to proceed directly to test tube fertilization with microinjection method (ICSI).
Test tube fertilization and other treatment methods
Once the specific cause of involuntary childlessness has been identified, or may not have been ascertained, different treatment options are selected.
Hormone therapy, surgery and insemination
Sometimes the defect can be remedied only by hormone therapy. However, fertility does not operate today. Instead, in those cases IVF is recommended directly. In case of insemination, the most movable sperm are separated in the semen and injected into the uterus. This method also helps many children to the world.
In some cases, for example, if the semen solution contains no sperm at all, sperm can now be surgically removed directly from the testes.
IVF treatment and microinjection (ICSI)
If the investigation shows, for example, fallopian tubes, endometriosis, abnormal sperm or if the cause of involuntary infertility cannot be found, IVF treatment (test tube fertilization) is offered.
The treatment means that the ovulation is hormone stimulated so that more fertile ovarian cells are able to be removed from the ovaries. These are then fertilized with sperm outside the body. Fertilized eggs (embryos) are then returned one or two at a time.
In principle, reintroduction of more eggs than two does not occur in Sweden. However, it is more common in many other parts of the world. If needed, donated sperm can be used. Since 2003, egg donation has also been allowed in Sweden.
If the supply and quality of the sperm are normal, the sperm is put together with the egg on a flat vessel with nutrient solution (no test tube!) And the sperm can fertilize the egg on its own. On the other hand, if the fertilization capacity of the sperm is impaired, the sperm can be injected directly into the egg through a so-called micro-injection, ICSI. The method has greatly reduced the need for sperm donations.
Unauthorized treatment methods in Sweden
Egg donations are allowed in Sweden. However, the following treatment methods are still not allowed:
- IVF treatment with both eggs and sperm donations (suggestions are available to change this)
- IVF treatment in women after menopause
- Surrogate motherhood, that is, when a woman carries a child to a childless couple, after being conceived through insemination or IVF. For women who cannot bear a child and for gay men, surrogacy is an opportunity to form a family.
It is relatively complicated, but not illegal, to go abroad and carry out a surrogate arrangement if allowed in that country.