Now the period has not gone away and you may start to suspect that you are pregnant. You can do a pregnancy test, but the test response will be safer if you wait until week 5.
Whether you know it or not, exciting things happen in your body if you are pregnant. The cell division that will become an embryo continues at a furious pace during the second week of budding life, the one called Week 4 according to our way of counting. What is to become a child, the so-called morula, forms a hollow clump of cells called blastocysts.
Read more about the child’s gender and eye color.
The placenta begins to form and the pregnancy hormone hCG begins to be produced.
Around the future fetus, a fluid-filled sachet is formed that will protect the baby until birth. Next to the pericardium, the jaundice is formed which supplies the little one with new blood cells and nourishment until the placenta is ready to take over the nutritional supply.
The entrance to the cervix is closed and inside is a mucus that protects against, for example, infections.
If you are planning to become pregnant, you may have already started avoiding alcohol and smoking before, otherwise it is time to stop now – the first part of a pregnancy is a delicate period for the little child.
- BestAAH: Look for maternity jeans? Check here to find 25 types of pregnancy jeans.
Make sure you get the important folic acid and other nutrients your growing little fetus needs.
If you are pregnant, you probably can’t help but think about the date of the estimated birth – count like this.
Adoption from another country
Adoption means “to act as their own”. This means that an adopted child has exactly the same rights as a biological child, both legally and socially.
Since the late sixties, more than 50,000 children have come to Sweden through international adoption. In 2018, almost 200 children were mediated through Swedish adoption organizations. In recent years, many of the children have come China, Taiwan, Korea, South Africa and Colombia. Many came directly from orphanages while others spent some time in a foster family.
That’s how it goes
A couple or single person who wants to adopt a child should contact the social committee in the municipality where they live. There they can get information and advice on how to adopt. When they decide to adopt, they submit an application for consent for adoption. One can apply as a spouse, partner, single or registered partner.
Investigation and consent
A social secretary from the municipality conducts a home investigation that will form the basis of the Social Committee’s decision on consent to adoption. It encompasses most of what has to do with the family, such as health conditions, views of life, living conditions, growing up, education and work. The Home Investigation also addresses relationships to family and surroundings as well as the reasons for adoption.
The home investigation is also a preparation for the parents before the adoption and forms the basis for the report to the Social Committee. The report is translated and presented to the parents of the child’s representatives abroad.
Parental education prior to adoption is now compulsory and a condition for consent. Exceptions can be made if previously adopted children from abroad.
Anyone who has received permission from the Social Committee goes ahead with their application to one of the adoption organizations (see below). A concession is valid for three years. During that time many but far from all have received a child. Anyone who has received a consent must also report to the Social Committee if conditions have changed in the family while waiting for the child, such as illness, pregnancy or relocation. It is quite possible to also sign up to one or more of the organizations before the investigation and consent are clear. With some exceptions, all international adoptions in Sweden take place through the adoption organizations. The exemption is called single adoption and may be considered in relation to a relative or other special circumstances and must be approved by the Family Law and Parental Support Authority (MFoF).
When all documents are clear, reviewed and translated, they are forwarded to the contact abroad. You cannot have multiple applications abroad at the same time. It is the authorities and the child’s representatives abroad who ultimately decide which child the parents receive.
Requirements for prospective adoptive parents
The lower age limit for adoption is eighteen years. There is no upper legal limit, but an adoption must be viewed from a twenty-year perspective and it is important that the age difference between parents and children is not too great.
All countries have their own adoption laws and impose different requirements on applicants. Circumstances that may not be accepted as an adoptive parent may be the length of the marriage, the age of the parents or that one of the parents has a chronic illness or disability.
It is the authorities of the child’s country of origin that appoint parents. The prospective adoptive parents cannot choose children but may wish to be of approximate age. They also choose to which country their adoption application is sent.
The waiting time can be between two and four years, but sometimes even longer. Applicants who are prepared to receive a slightly older child or a child with some disability may have a shorter waiting period. The prospective parents are given information about the child’s name, age and gender. There is usually information about the child’s development and health status, photos of the child and sometimes information about the child’s background. A message about traveling to the child’s country can come suddenly and the length of stay in the country can vary from one week to months.
The arrival of the child
The child must have a residence permit from the Swedish Migration Board before entering Sweden. In order for the adopted child to have the same rights as a biological child, the adoption decision must be approved.
Many countries are now affiliated to the Hague Convention of 1993. An adoption, decided in such a country, automatically becomes valid in Sweden. In other cases, the adoption must be approved by the Swedish Family Law and Parental Support Authority (MFoF) or carried out in Swedish district court. As soon as the child has arrived, the adoptive parents must report this to their social committee.
The child’s state of health
If the child has symptoms of acute illness when it arrives, one should of course go to the nearest pediatric clinic, pediatric ward or medical center. It can include intestinal infections, malnutrition, anemia and respiratory or ear infections.
All children should be examined by a pediatrician or other specialist with special experience soon after arrival. The child must also be reported to the Child Welfare Center for, health checks, vaccinations, advice and support.
The first time can be both physically and mentally demanding. The child has a great need for closeness and may show anxiety, separation anxiety, defiance and aggressiveness.
An increasing proportion of children who are adopted to Sweden have special needs due to illness, disability and difficult social background. In most cases, the parents feel from the beginning that the child has a disability. This can be a lip jaw gap, lumpy foot or heart failure, which can usually be treated. Some disabilities are only discovered when the child has been in Sweden for some time. This is especially true of developmental delays and neuropsychiatric problems. Adoptive families are entitled to the same support from the municipality and county councils as all other families who have children with functional variations.
In connection with the health examination or later, it may become obvious that the child’s stated age does not match reality. If it can be assumed to have significance for the child’s future, an age examination can be done. The parents can then possibly apply for a change at the local tax office.
Cost and allowance
The cost of adoption is different for different countries and can vary from about 100,000 to just under SEK 300,000. The cost can be divided into fees for the adoption organization in Sweden and in the country of origin as well as costs depending on the length of the trip and how long you have to stay in the country when you pick up the child. Anyone who adopts a foreign child can receive an adoption allowance for the costs of SEK 75,000. The application is made to the Social Insurance Office within one year after the adoption decision has become valid in Sweden.
Adoptive parents are entitled to parental allowance to the same extent as biological parents if the child is under 10 years of age. Single adoptive parents can receive a special contribution – so-called maintenance support – after applying to the Social Insurance Office.
The child’s name
Change or addition of first name can be done by reporting to the local tax office. However, one of the child’s original names must always be retained.
The children’s countries of origin want to follow up on how the children are doing in the new country. They can therefore request reports on the child’s development and adaptation to their new family and environment. These reports are made at different time intervals and sometimes reports are required for many years. The social secretary in the municipality usually makes a follow-up report when the child has been six months in his new family.