A weight gain of two to five kilos is the average around week 17. But some pregnant women go up significantly more. Others lose weight because they measure badly for a long time.
Now you probably notice that the clothes are starting to get cramped, most pregnant women have gained two to five kilograms in weight around week 17. Read more about good food for you and the fetus or tips on delicious mum drinks and snacks.
That the uterus continues to grow you can feel like a little bit of a pain in the abdomen.
Other typical pregnancy symptoms are that you feel hungrier than normal as the fetus gathers fat.
The child’s head hair has become a little longer now, eyebrows and eyelashes clearer. If the child has a tendency to dark hair, the pigment cells in the hair follicles begin to produce black pigment.
The fetus can suck on your fingers.
For the bones to develop, it has also begun to store calcium – the skeleton now appears visible on X-rays. It can cause you to get extra cravings for milk yourself, as there is less calcium left over to your own body. That the pregnant woman gets very craving for special things during pregnancy is called picas syndrome.
Already you can feel when your baby has hiccups. It feels like very regular fetal movements, small twitching at regular intervals.
Miscarriage means that the body repels a damaged fetus, often before the week of pregnancy 12. Signs of miscarriage are usually a major or minor bleeding, sometimes combined with pain and the delivery of clots.
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There are many reasons why the body repels a fetus. However, it is difficult to say what a single miscarriage is due to. After three repeated miscarriages, the couple is usually offered an investigation of possible causes of the miscarriages.
Chromosome failure is the most common cause of miscarriage
The most common cause of miscarriage is chromosome aberration. In about five percent of those who have had multiple miscarriages, the cause is often that some, or both man and woman, have some form of chromosome abnormality. It is often the coincidence that causes this deviation, which is incompatible with life. All chromosome changes do not lead to miscarriage or damage to the child.
Uterine problems in miscarriage later in pregnancy
Miscarriages that occur late in pregnancy may be due to weakness in the uterus. This problem usually occurs between the 16th and 24th week of pregnancy, but is not a common cause of miscarriage. This was sometimes remedied by putting a tape around the uterus, during a surgery, so-called cerklage. This method is used to varying degrees today. It is more common internationally than in Sweden. Cerklage is used in Sweden today as a more preventive measure, ie you put a cerklage in early pregnancy in those women who have had repeated miscarriages due to weakened cervix. So-called “acute” cerebral palsy, ie trying to prevent ongoing miscarriage, is very rarely used in Sweden.
Muscle nodules, so-called myomas, and possible malformations of the uterus (uterus) can sometimes cause the body to bounce off the fetus. However, this is a very unusual reason.
The fertilized egg can, unfortunately, sit outside the uterus, usually in one of the fallopian tubes. The pregnancy must then sometimes be removed. Sometimes a medical treatment can be given that will stop the pregnancy. There is a great chance of getting pregnant again with just one fallopian tube.
Folic acid deficiency can cause birth defects
Folic acid (vitamin B9) is a vitamin needed for the cell division process. During pregnancy, the woman consumes more folic acid than usual. Some conditions and medications can also cause deficiency of folic acid. Lack of folic acid during pregnancy can cause birth defects, such as spinal hernia and miscarriage. Read the article about good nutrition during pregnancy.
Infections in the mother that can affect the baby
The placenta usually provides good protection for the fetus against infections, but it does happen that infection passes this barrier.
Some types of infections that can cause miscarriage are:
- Red dogs, a viral disease that during the first four months of pregnancy can pass to the fetus and cause miscarriage or birth defects (hearing loss).
- The listeria bacteria found in many animals can be spread to humans via foods such as unpasteurized milk. It can cause a serious infection of the fetus with miscarriage as a result.
- Toxoplasmosis caused by a parasite is spread mainly through raw meat and cat feces. The disease can be transmitted to the fetus and cause injury as well as the body bouncing off the fetus.
Some medicines may need to be replaced during pregnancy
Some medications can cause birth defects in the fetus, and therefore miscarriage, if taken during pregnancy. Note – If you eat medication regularly, consult a doctor before or during pregnancy.
Exercise does not increase the risk
There is no evidence that exercise and sports would cause miscarriage.
Alcohol, drugs and smoking affect the fetus
Alcohol during pregnancy can affect the development of the fetus and, to a greater extent, lead to birth defects and miscarriages. Drugs are likely to have the same effect.
All fetuses are affected by smoking. If you smoke a lot during pregnancy, the fetus is likely to grow worse. The risk of miscarriage is also somewhat greater.
When does miscarriage occur?
The most common is early miscarriage due to the body bouncing off a fetus that is damaged or not developing properly. It usually occurs before the 12th week of pregnancy. The pregnancy that is ejected in week 12 has usually stopped up to 4 weeks earlier.
Pain and bleeding
If the miscarriage occurs early, it may manifest as a stronger menstrual bleeding or that the period has been delayed for a few days.
A miscarriage often starts with pain and more or less severe bleeding. You should always consult a doctor or maternity care center if you experience bleeding during pregnancy, even if the bleeding is small. If you bleed more than during a normal menstrual period, you may need to contact a hospital after a telephone call.
Most miscarriages take care of the body itself, but sometimes it may be necessary to either give medicine that will expel any remnants of pregnancy, or to scrape clean uterus from remnants.
Can you get pregnant again?
A miscarriage is not normally an obstacle to getting pregnant again. When the period returns and is as usual, it is a sign that the body is restored. Then you can try again. An early miscarriage does not mean there is a risk of it being repeated. In case of three repeated miscarriages, a medical examination of the woman and the man is usually started. If applicable, you should contact your women’s clinic.