The nervous system and much more in the fetus develop especially during week 10 to 20. So be afraid of both yourself and the little one inside.
Now you have probably started to get a small stomach. If you have already given birth to a baby, your stomach grows a little faster.
You get a faster breath as the blood volume in the body begins to increase.
Most pregnant women have gained a few pounds by this time. But it can also be the other way around; if you have vomited a lot you may even have lost weight. Probably, that trend is reversing now that the worst nausea period is over.
Hormone changes can appear by darkening the skin around the nipples. Some get a darker stripe from the navel downwards, it usually fades after childbirth.
However, you should be careful not to sunbathe too much as the skin has easier to get pigment spots that will last.
Inside the stomach, the fetus is currently in a rapid phase of growth and there is plenty of amniotic fluid that the fetus is swimming in. The
kidneys have started to produce urine.
As a skin protection, it begins to grow a fine layer of hair on the entire body, so-called lanugo hair.
Keep thinking about what you eat and drink – read here about good nutrition for you and the fetus and get tips on delicious recipes or mum drinks.
Also be careful with alcohol and cigarettes during pregnancy.
Read expert response on bleeding in week 14.
Hormone conversion and pregnancy disorders
In early pregnancy, amounts of hormones are formed in the ovaries and pituitary glands, and later even in the placenta. It leads to changes in the pregnant woman’s body and can lead to pregnancy sickness.
- BestAAH: Look for maternity pajamas? Check here to find 15 types of pregnancy pajamas.
The hormones affect cells and tissues of the pregnant woman’s body and give signals for change. Many organs and bodily functions are therefore affected:
• The breasts become larger.
• The uterus is growing.
• The intestines expand and work more slowly.
• The blood vessels dilate, the veins on the legs can therefore become more visible.
Read more about the changes during pregnancy week by week. Here are some pregnancy ailments that you may feel:
The mammary glands begin to grow and develop early in pregnancy to produce milk. The breasts become bigger, stretch and tender much like before menstruation. The nipple and spring yard also grow and tend to get darker in color.
Need to pee
Initially when the uterus begins to grow, it can push the bladder, making you feel pissed more often than usual. It can continue throughout pregnancy.
The pregnant kidney’s right kidney expands during pregnancy because the uterus anatomically slopes slightly to the right, pressing the ureter and kidney. For the most part, this does not cause any trouble, but some can be painful, often in the back and flank. In case of persistent pain, you should contact your maternity ward.
You can get increased flow during the first part of the pregnancy and it is also common with richer, slimy and unstained flow sometimes throughout the pregnancy. This is normal and is due to the tissues in the vagina becoming more blood-rich and more easily emitting fluid.
If you get an infection in the vagina, the flow can become discolored or smell bad. Fungal infection is a common condition during pregnancy. The flow is then described as, white, thick, often with irritating itching. The cause is often the pH change in the vagina. If you’ve had an easy time getting fungal infections before, the symptoms often recur during pregnancy. For infections and pruritus, you can buy prescription drugs in the form of vagitures and ointments at the pharmacies. The fungal infection does not affect pregnancy, and is not dangerous to the fetus. However, itching can sometimes be very troublesome. If you have problems with discolored or smelly floats, or persistent fungal infections, contact MVC.
Heartburn is due to the acidic stomach contents coming up in the throat. Avoid fatty, spicy or smoked foods as well as large quantities of coffee and large meals late at night. Eating small meals often is a good rule for reducing the inconvenience. Mineral water can soothe almonds and nuts. There are also medicines for heartburn at pharmacies.
Hold and cramp
You can feel a sudden bump in the side. Some have a sore spot for a long period of time at a certain point in the abdomen or chest. This may be due to the position of the fetus in the uterus, or circulatory disturbance in the muscle nodules in the uterus. This is harmless, but in case of persistent pain you should contact MVC.
During the latter part of pregnancy you may wake up with severe cramping in the calf. Bend the foot up and push it firmly against the headboard or floor, so it will usually release.
Back pain is common, especially during the later part of pregnancy. It has to do with the strain from the uterus, and also weight gain, but also that the ligaments in the spine and hips are relaxed.
Unlocking takes place physiologically, so that the child can be born during childbirth. Sometimes this opening up occurs early in pregnancy and leads to troublesome pain conditions from the back and pelvis. In case of severe problems, you can get a relief seat belt tested by a physiotherapist / physiotherapist via MVC.
Rest your back by lying down for a while in the middle of the day. It is best to lie on the side with one or both legs bent. If you sit for a long time and work, you can have a small pillow in the lumbar as support. Do not lift unnecessarily and especially not heavy things.
Streaks on the stomach
If you see pink, red or bluish streaks in the skin on the stomach, breasts and thighs, there are stretch marks due to stretching of the skin as the elastic tissue in the skin is affected by the pregnancy hormones. The streaks fade after childbirth but usually do not disappear completely.
It is not uncommon for legs, feet and even hands to swell during pregnancy. This is because more fluid is bound in the body and an excess accumulates, especially in the evening after a strenuous day. Such swelling is normal and usually disappears after a night’s sleep or a moment of bedtime. It may be good to place your feet high.
If your leg should swell and hurt, contact your birth division. The risk of blood clots increases during pregnancy, and sudden pain and swelling from one leg should always be examined by a doctor.
During pregnancy, the intestines expand more than usual and work more slowly. You may therefore become sluggish in your stomach. Fiber-rich diet can help. It is also good to drink plenty of water. Exercise also makes the bowels work better.
It may be good to know that for some pregnant iron supplements can cause sluggish stomachs.
Fatigue and nausea
Many pregnant women feel an unexplained fatigue at the beginning of pregnancy, especially in the evenings. Nausea is also common, especially in the mornings. To some extent, you can remedy the nausea yourself. Avoid fatty, fried and spicy foods, as well as coffee, alcohol and smoking. It is good with a lot of carbohydrates in the diet such as bread, honey, bananas, muesli and rice.
Take it easy in the morning and eat something, like a biscuit or crust, before getting up. It is good to eat often and a little. In general, both fatigue and nausea decrease after the third month (12-15 weeks). If the nausea is very troublesome, contact MVC, where you can get help with medication for the trouble.
The blood vessels on the legs tend to widen during pregnancy. This is due to the pressure from the growing uterus and the weakening of the veins. It can cause varicose veins, which do not always disappear after childbirth, but decrease.
Varicose veins in the vagina may also occur. They cause swelling and pain in the labia, and it can be difficult to sit. Such inconveniences do not usually occur until the very last time before birth. You may feel helped by a belly belt that relieves pressure. Talk to your MVC.
Especially at the beginning of pregnancy you may experience occasional minor bleeding. If you have multiple, major or repeated bleeding, you should contact MVC or your maternity ward.