Have you ever felt a small splash in your stomach yet? Some women feel fetal movements as early as week 13. But usually it takes a little while, maybe until week 22 if you are a firstborn.
Usually, expectant mothers gain weight by 300-400 grams a week during this time.
The pregnant aerobics – is especially important now. You need to get in more lime and iron than usual for the development of the baby’s bone body and teeth and for the sake of blood formation. Rest when you are tired and try not to stress.
You may feel the uterus above the pubic bone and possibly a slight pain in the lower ribs. Maybe you can feel the first fetal movements, for example, when you lie still in bed. It may feel like a small splash a little below the navel, which arises without the stomach being bubbly otherwise.
The fetus inside the stomach cannot yet breathe itself, but gets its oxygen through the blood. Still, it trains its respiratory muscles by performing respiratory movements so that amniotic fluid flows out and into the growing lung tissue. Respiratory training is important because the lungs must function directly from the umbilical cord to be cut off after birth. At the moment of childbirth, the water is pushed out of the lungs and the baby begins to breathe air through the nose and mouth for the first time.
Both bone tissue and ribs can begin to appear on ultrasound.
The fetus can now suck, yawn and stretch the entire body.
The girls already have millions of ovaries in the immature ovaries. In the boys, male sex hormone begins to form.
Also be cautious of miscarriage reduced, the fetus will continue to be affected by everything you get in you.
- BestAAH: Look for maternity outerwear? Check here to find 49 types of pregnancy outerwear.
The crazy craving for brine, avocado or something else entirely? Pregnant women can long for very special things during pregnancy, a “matnoja” called picas syndrome.
Pregnancy diet for you and the fetus
Pregnant women are often told to “eat for two”. It does not mean that you should eat twice as much as usual. Here are our tips on pregnancy diet.
Eat breakfast, lunch, snack and dinner every day. Versatile food provides the nutrition and energy that both you and the growing fetus need during pregnancy. You don’t really need that much more energy in the form of calories but on the other hand some nutrients, such as important vitamins and minerals.
There are, above all, three nutrients that you as a pregnant woman should pay special attention to: folic acid (folate), iron and calcium. Here you will find delicious recipes that provide much of this.
You need so much extra food when you are pregnant
- During the first three months of pregnancy an extra fruit or sandwich will suffice.
• During the middle third (months 4 – 6) a further “moderate” snack per day is recommended.
• During the latter part of pregnancy (months 7 – 9) you need more energy. This means two “moderate” snacks consisting of milk, yogurt, sandwich and an extra fruit.
Read tips on healthy-good snacks and mum drinks.
About why pregnant women often get tired of eating special, or a little strange, things can be read in the article on picas syndrome – matnoja during pregnancy.
If you are a vegetarian, especially if you are vegan, you must have the knowledge and care to meet your and the growing fetus’s needs. Feel free to ask your midwife what to think about.
At the maternity care center you can also get the script: “Advice on food for you who is pregnant”. It, and other information can also be obtained from the National Food Agency.
Good and varied pregnant diets should contain a little of each:
• bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, couscous and bulgur that provide energy.
• seafood, preferably 2-3 times a week (read more below).
• vegetables, root vegetables and fruits at each meal, a total of about 500g per day.
• Milk, file and yogurt, about 5 dl each day is adequate.
• meat, poultry, eggs or legumes (ie peas, beans, lentils, etc.) based on taste.
Folic acid (folate) is a vitamin that is especially important during the first part of pregnancy, and is needed for fetal growth and your blood formation.
Folic acid is found mainly in green leafy vegetables, whole grain products, eggs, beans, peas and fruits.
There is a link between lack of folic acid during pregnancy and congenital spinal hernia. Therefore, the National Food Agency recommends women who have a desire to become pregnant and are not sure that the diet is sufficiently rich in folic acid, to take a tablet of folic acid (400 micrograms) every day.
Iron is essential for blood formation in you and the fetus. You therefore need extra iron during pregnancy.
Meat, poultry and fish, broth butter, blood pudding but also peas, lentils and whole wheat bread contain some iron.
Liver contains a lot of iron, but also too much vitamin A to be useful. However, you can eat liver pie.
If you eat fruits and vegetables at every meal, the body absorbs the iron better. Coffee and tea, on the other hand, reduce iron absorption.
It is not uncommon for blood levels to become so low during pregnancy that it is not enough for the diet but you also need to take tablets with iron.
Vitamin D and calcium
Vitamin D is among other things important for the absorption of calcium and the build-up of a strong skeleton. The vitamin is found in milk and milk products, which are enriched, but also in eggs and fish.
In addition, daylight and sunlight stimulate the formation (in the skin) of own vitamin D.
Dark-skinned people who do not expose their skin to sunlight and do not eat vitamin-rich foods risk developing vitamin D deficiency.
Calcium is needed to build up the baby’s skeleton and teeth. Milk, file, yogurt and cheese contain a lot of calcium. Legumes, green leafy vegetables and nuts, shrimp and eggs also contain calcium, although not as much as in dairy products.
Iodine is important for fetal development and the thyroid gland that regulates metabolism. There is iodine, among others. in seafood and seafood, but also in milk and cheese. Use iodine-enriched salt for food.
Fish and seafood
In seafood, there are valuable nutrients, including omega-3 fats, vitamin D, iodine and selenium. Therefore, please eat fish 2-3 times a week. Unfortunately, there are also toxins (mercury, dioxins and PCBs) in some fish, which you should therefore not eat more than 2-3 times a year.
• For fishing fish, which should not be eaten more than 2-3 times per year, for example, perch, pike, pike and lake.
• Flooding, including sour flooding, wild-caught salmon and trout from the Baltic Sea, Vättern and Lake Väternn and wild-caught char from Vättern, only 2-3 times a year.
• Feel free to eat farmed fish, salmon and salmon fish, cod, saithe, plaice, haddock, mackerel, herring and more. but also shrimp, mussels and other seafood, 2-3 times a week.
• More info is available for download at the National Food Agency.
There are two infectious agents, one bacterium (Listeria) and one parasite (Toxoplasma), which can rarely cause problems during pregnancy. Both infect via food. Both die if the food is heated to 70 degrees or more.
• You should not eat grilled meat, grilled bird, raw minced meat or cold smoked meat of sheep or pork.
• Meat products such as ham, sausage, smoked or dried meat and salted meat should be purchased freshly packaged or in pieces. Also, be careful of patties, jams and the like that are in the deli counter.
Milk and cheese
You should never drink unpasteurized milk or eat cheese made from unpasteurized milk, ie soft and semi-soft dessert cheeses such as mold and kittens, such as brie, chevre, gorgonzola and vacherol.
Cheeses that are properly heated in cooking are good to eat. It is usually stated on the packaging whether the cheese is made from pasteurized milk.
Alcohol and tobacco
- Alcohol passes into the fetal blood. There is both a direct and long-term impact on the fetus. Therefore, the advice is that you completely abstain from alcohol during pregnancy.
• Nicotine can affect fetal growth and development. If you cannot completely refrain from cigarettes or snuff, then try to reduce consumption anyway.
Coffee but also tea and many cola and energy drinks contain caffeine. Caffeine goes over and also affects the fetus. Caffeine can increase the risk of miscarriage at high doses. The National Food Agency recommends that you drink no more than three cups of coffee or six cups of “black” tea per day.
Dietary supplements and herbal remedies
When you are pregnant (or breastfeeding), be careful about dietary supplements and herbal remedies if you are not familiar with the content and how it can pass to the baby.
Ginseng products should not be used when you are pregnant. And different algae can contain too high levels of iodine.
If you take extra vitamins, be careful especially with vitamin A and avoid large doses (more than 1 milligram) that can be directly harmful.