Onalaska, Texas

By | April 30, 2023

According to microedu, Onalaska, Texas is a small town located in Polk County, Texas. The town has a population of approximately 1,700 people and is situated along the Trinity River. The city has an average elevation of about 300 feet and its climate is hot and humid in the summer months but mild to cold in the winter months. The town’s history dates back to early Native American settlements, which were later followed by Spanish explorers. In 1845, Onalaska was officially founded and named after the nearby Onalaska Post Office.

Politically, Onalaska is part of Polk County and falls within the jurisdiction of the Texas state government. The city has two representatives at the state level as well as one representative at the federal level. The economy of Onalaska is mainly based on agriculture, forestry, tourism and light industry. There are several schools in this small community including public schools for kindergarten through 12th grade as well as a local community college providing further education opportunities for residents.

The city also offers many interesting landmarks such as the historic Stovall House Museum which was built in 1866 by one of Onalaska’s first settlers; it now serves as a museum displaying artifacts from early settlers’ lives and offers tours to visitors. Also located within Onalaska is a replica of Fort Anahuac which was originally built by Mexican forces during their occupation of Texas in 1832; it now stands proudly as a reminder of Texas’ struggle for independence from Mexico. Other notable landmarks include Lake Livingston State Park which offers camping sites, fishing spots and trails for hiking; it also provides access to Lake Livingston which supplies water to many local communities throughout East Texas.

Population: 1,174. Estimated population in July 2020: 1,355 (+15.4% change)
Males: 568 (48.4%), Females: 606 (51.6%)

Polk County

Zip code: 77360

Median resident age: 47.7 years
Median household income: $28,750
Median house value: $58,200

Races in Onalaska:

  • White Non-Hispanic (89.3%)
  • Black (6.6%)
  • Hispanic (2.4%)
  • American Indian (1.4%)
  • Two or more races (1.1%)

Ancestries: English (15.8%), German (11.8%), Irish (10.1%), United States (9.3%), French (2.7%), Scotch-Irish (2.0%).

Land area: 2.1 square miles

Onalaska, Texas


Onalaska, Texas is a small, rural community located in the heart of Polk County. With a population of just over 3,000 people, Onalaska is a tight-knit community that values its family and community spirit. Most of the residents are employed in the agricultural industry, with many working in lumber mills and oil refineries. The local economy is largely based on farming and ranching.

The majority of Onalaska residents are White (81%), followed by African American (14%) and Hispanic or Latino (3%). The median household income is $31,000, which is slightly below the national average. The median age in Onalaska is 43 years old, which reflects both the aging population and the influx of young families who have moved to Onalaska for its rural lifestyle. Education levels vary widely among Onalaska residents; about 20% have only a high school diploma or less while about 15% have completed college or higher education degrees.

The town offers plenty of recreational activities for residents to enjoy including fishing in Lake Livingston, camping at nearby state parks, golfing at local courses, and hiking nearby trails. Additionally, there are several restaurants and shopping centers within walking distance from most residences where locals can enjoy some down time after work or on weekends.

For population 25 years and over in Onalaska

  • High school or higher: 74.5%
  • Bachelor’s degree or higher: 8.9%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 2.7%
  • Unemployed: 12.9%
  • Mean travel time to work: 37.3 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Onalaska city

  • Never married: 16.1%
  • Now married: 55.8%
  • Separated: 4.5%
  • Widowed: 12.4%
  • Divorced: 11.2%

0.2% Foreign born

Population change in the 1990s: +437 (+59.3%).


Hospitals/medical centers near Onalaska:



Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Onalaska:

  • WILLIAM P HOBBY (about 82 miles; HOUSTON, TX; Abbreviation: HOU)
  • ELLINGTON FIELD (about 84 miles; HOUSTON, TX; Abbreviation: EFD)

Other public-use airports nearest to Onalaska:

  • LIVINGSTON MUNI (about 11 miles; LIVINGSTON, TX; Abbreviation: 00R)
  • GROVETON-TRINITY COUNTY (about 20 miles; GROVETON, TX; Abbreviation: 33R)
  • CLEVELAND MUNI (about 33 miles; CLEVELAND, TX; Abbreviation: 6R3)

Colleges and Universities

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Onalaska:

  • SAM HOUSTON STATE UNIVERSITY (about 32 miles; HUNTSVILLE, TX; Full-time enrollment: 10,429)
  • ANGELINA COLLEGE (about 44 miles; LUFKIN, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,773)
  • NORTH HARRIS MONTGOMERY COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT (about 64 miles; HOUSTON, TX; Full-time enrollment: 13,933)
  • SAN JACINTO COLLEGE-NORTH CAMPUS (about 68 miles; HOUSTON, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,819)
  • STEPHEN F AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY (about 71 miles; NACOGDOCHES, TX; Full-time enrollment: 10,217)
  • HOUSTON COMMUNITY COLLEGE SYSTEM (about 71 miles; HOUSTON, TX; Full-time enrollment: 21,140)
  • THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER (about 71 miles; HOUSTON, TX; Full-time enrollment: 2,595)

Public primary/middle schools in Onalaska:

  • ONALASKA EL (Students: 478; Location: 134 N FM 356; Grades: PK – 06)
  • ONALASKA JR/SR HIGH (Students: 273; Location: P O BOX 2289; Grades: 07 – 10)