Malaysia is a country that differs from other countries in the region with a unique combination of exoticism, ancient culture and the highest level of development. According to itypemba.com, Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of Malaysia.
In this country, antiquity and modernity miraculously coexist. Just recently, Malaysia experienced an economic miracle. Now the capital Kuala Lumpur is a real metropolis, a modern business center where business life is in full swing. But both in large cities and in tiny villages, monuments of culture and architecture have been preserved.
Charming Malaysia attracts everyone: an experienced traveler and a novice seeking to discover its beauties. “Selamat Datang!” – in Malay, the country’s national language, it means “Welcome!” This greeting is not only in words, it can be seen in the facial expressions, gestures and direct friendliness of the locals, it reflects the joyful charm and genuine hospitality of this country.
It is the second most economically developed and cleanest country in the region after Singapore. Here are: the tallest building in the world, Petronas Towers, the third tallest TV tower in the world, the largest mosque in Asia, the third longest bridge in the world, the richest Underwater World (Aquarium) and much more. The country is so amazing and fabulous that it bewitches tourists at first sight, striking with an unusual combination of ancient and modern. The sun shines here all year round, and various festivals or holidays are constantly held.
Malaysia consists of 2 parts: Peninsular Malaysia (or West Malaysia) and East Malaysia (provinces of Sabah and Sarawak, located on part of the island of Kalimantan). West Malaysia borders Thailand to the north and Singapore to the south. East Malaysia is separated from the peninsula by the South China Sea and is located in the northern part of the island of Borneo (Kalimantan). The southern part of Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia.
The original Malays (orang asli) appeared at the bottom of the Malay Peninsula about 10,000 years ago, they came from southwestern China. The peninsula was first dominated by the Cambodian Funan dynasty, then the founders of the Mayapahit empire in Java were located there, and only then the Chinese arrived in Malaka, in 1405. Islam spread to Melaka at about the same time and very quickly became popular and respected. Melaka’s wealth attracted European conquerors too quickly. The first were the Portuguese, who captured part of the territory in 1511, followed by the Dutch, in 1641. The British settled in the prosperous port of Penang in 1786 and by 1795 captured all of Melaka.
The British traded in spices and gradually pushed their colonies deeper and deeper into the center of the peninsula, where deposits of tin were later discovered. East Malaysia fell into the hands of the British, thanks to the adventurer Sir James Brooke (who became the Raja of Sarawak in 1841, after the suppression of the uprising against the Sultan of Brunei), later the northern part of Malaysia – Borneo joined these territories (power was concentrated in Sabah, since 1882) . Gradually, during the 19th century, all the Malay states were united.
The final mosaic of Malaysian history took shape after the Second World War, when Great Britain finally took control of both Sabah and Sarawak. The local population could not cover the need for labor, therefore, due to the development of the rubber industry and tin mining, the British had to bring a large number of Indians into the country, which led to the mixing of races on the peninsula.
The Japanese invaded Malaysia during World War II. Supporters of the Communist Party launched a guerrilla struggle against British rule in 1948, and in 1957 Malaysia achieved independence. Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore merged with the rest of Malaysia in 1963, but Singapore withdrew from the confederation two years later. The Federation of Malaysia was not recognized by either the Philippines or Indonesia, since each of these countries had its own territorial claims to eastern Malaysia.
The tension of the situation increased in 1963, when the confrontation with Indonesia developed. Indonesian troops crossed the borders of Malaysia, but were repelled by Commonwealth and Malaysian forces themselves. In 1969, violations of law and order began to arise due to conflicts between the Malays and the Chinese, although until that time, these two racial groups lived in relative peace. The United National Malay Organization (UMNO) has been in power since 1974. Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, who is the recognized Asian leader, exerted significant influence on the world political stage and exercised tight control over the country’s booming economy until 1997, when the Asian crisis devalued the local currency and did not become the reason for his resignation.
In September 1998, Malaysia hosted the Commonwealth Games, but the favorable atmosphere of communication was disrupted by strikes by students and other citizens who opposed the unfair dismissal and subsequent imprisonment of Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim. The long-running street protests calling for Mahathir Mohamad’s resignation have done badly for Malaysia’s reputation and placed it on the list of the most politically volatile countries in southeast Asia. Mahathir Mohamad remained in office until his resignation in October 2003, and after 20 years in power he addressed the congress of Islamic countries, which includes Malaysia, and urged them to unite against the alleged world Jewish conspiracy. Mahathir Mohamad was succeeded by Abdullah Ahmad Badoi, who won the elections in March 2004.