Good to Know about Breast Milk

by | November 20, 2020

It takes 2-14 days for milk production to start.
The milk contains all the nutrients your child needs, except vitamin D.
But if you want to save leftover milk – do it right, otherwise it will be ruined.

The breast consists of fat, gland and connective tissue as well as blood vessels and nerves. The mammary gland itself contains 15-20 mammary glands, each containing a number of alveoli. These are the ones that contract at the milk discharge and cause a tingling sensation in the breast. Breast size does not affect the ability to produce breast milk.

Good to know about breast milk

The contents of the breast milk

  • Breast milk contains all the nutrients the child needs during its first six months. Only one vitamin Dsupplement is recommended for the baby’s first two years of life. The colostrum is the first milk produced. It has a higher protein content and a higher concentration of antibodies.
  • The composition of breast milk is relatively constant in all mothers. However, the fat content may vary. It is thinner in the beginning to quench the thirst while the fattest milk comes at the end of the baby’s meal. Therefore, it is good for the child to “suck clear.”

Milk production

Properly established milk production is not until after two weeks and up to a couple of months. After the first 2-4 days of breastfeeding, the breasts may feel very tense, it is a “milk stasis” that should not be confused with milk congestion.
When the baby sucks the nipple properly, the so-called expulsion reflex is activated.

If you want to save breast milk

  • Do not mix body-warm milk with already chilled. On the other hand, it is possible to mix different milk portions when they have reached the same temperature.
  • Breast milk can be stored for up to 3 days in the refrigerator, and 6 months in the freezer. If the milk is to be frozen, it can be collected in the refrigerator from morning to evening and then merged into appropriate freezer portions.
  • Thaw or heat the milk in a water bath (not directly in a saucepan) or under running water. Do not heat breast milk in a microwave oven, as the protein in the milk is destroyed.

Do you have too much milk?

Do you have too much milk? At some larger hospitals there are “milk banks” that receive breast milk, you even get paid. Your milk can be the salvation for sick, premature babies who cannot cope with breast milk replacement.