Coming home with a small newborn baby can feel both annoying and nervous. Here is some in-depth reading about infants, which can facilitate after their return home.
Infants sleeping on their back is safer, as the child may otherwise roll over from side to stomach. Research shows that the risk of sudden infant death is reduced when you put the child on his back instead of on his stomach when the child is going to sleep.
If the child is lying on his back, there is a risk that the back of the head will flatten. To prevent this, you can vary the child’s head position. When the baby is awake, it is important that it should lie on the stomach to relieve the back of the head, exercise head control and exercise the strength of the upper body. Even as a newborn, the child needs to spend several waking hours per day on the stomach under the supervision of an adult.
Avoid pacifier until breastfeeding is established. If you are not breastfeeding, pacifiers can be used when the baby wants to.
All children scream. The scream is part of the child’s communication and children communicate differently. Some children scream a lot and intensely, while other children are almost always silent. You will get to know your own child and get to know the different screams. Sometimes children can scream inconsolably and then it is easy to feel powerless as a parent, you feel easily inadequate. It is stressful and frustrating when a child screams, but it is generally not dangerous for children to scream. The important thing is that you can keep control yourself, that you never shake or are hard-handed to the child. If you feel that you are close to losing control, put the baby down for a while and calm yourself down. Helps when the child is screaming.
Kiss and poop
The child should have coughed within 48 hours after birth. During the first 24 hours, the child only kisses small amounts. The urine can be quite concentrated and sometimes the child can precipitate salts in the urine, which may then appear rust-colored or as red dots in the diaper. This is not dangerous. When the baby starts eating larger amounts, the diaper is wet several times a day.
The first poop is blackish-green and tough, and can be difficult to wash off, it is called baby beak or meconium and should have arrived within 48 hours after birth. When the child has had little milk in it, the pail changes color and turns yellow or yellow-green with white flakes in. The pail has an ointment-like texture. Children can pee various often, from many times a day to once a week. Children who are breastfeeding alone are not constipated, however, children who are given breast milk replacement may become.
Laundry and bath
If the baby has just kissed, you can change the diaper without washing it, you just need to wash the baby in the tail when it has pooped. Either with the help of a soft washcloth and water or there are special wet wipes made for young children. There is also mild soap especially suitable for the sensitive skin of small children. Hold the baby over your forearm and wash off the running under lukewarm water. Do not use soap, it will dry out the skin. If the baby becomes irritated in the tail, leave the baby without a diaper for a while to breathe.
Bathing the child as often as you think – it is just as good to bathe the child daily as once a week – but you can wait for the first week of life. Wash the creases in the groin, under the arms and on the neck every day. Avoid ointments and powders. Breast milk is a good alternative to ointment.
The navel stump falls away sometime when the baby is between 3-14 days. It grows bacteria that initiates a process of decay. It is therefore normal for the navel to scratch and smell, it is also common for the navel to bleed a little. Wash if necessary with lukewarm water and a cotton swab. If the skin around the navel becomes red and irritated, it may be a sign of infection. Then ask the staff at BVC for advice.
The mammary glands are often enlarged on the newborn baby. This applies to both boys and girls. Liquid can sometimes come from the breast glands called witch’s milk. It is completely normal and disappears over time.
Pulse and breathing
The child’s heart beats fast, about 110-160 beats per minute. Breathing is irregular – the child sometimes breathes quickly and superficially, sometimes deeply and slowly. Normal breathing rate is <60 breaths per minute.
The skin of a newborn is usually rosy. Hands and feet are often bluish the first time. The newborn baby often has fetal fat, especially in groin, armpits and cervix. The fetal fat is good for the baby’s skin, but too thick layers can cause skin irritation after a few days. Therefore, iron out the fat with your fingers. The child may have dry skin, especially on the hands and feet. The dryness disappears when the baby gets properly with liquid through the milk.
If the child has very dry skin and a tendency to get sores, these can be lubricated with breast milk. The child does not very often have small white dots on the nose called milies. This is perfectly normal and the dots disappear over time. The child may also have red tufts with a yellowish top on the body. The torments come and go and can wander the body. They are usually called “newborn rashes” and are simply a sign that the immune system is triggering.
The genitals are swollen on both boys and girls. Girls often have a slimy flow which can sometimes be blood mixed at first. This disappears spontaneously.
The foreskin cannot be retracted on newborn boys and the foreskin opening can be very small. Boys kiss with a powerful beam, especially when removing the diaper, so be prepared!
Eyes, nose and ears
The newborn baby can fix his eyes and look best at 20-30 cm distance. This is approximately the distance between the breast and the mother’s face. The child quickly learns to recognize the face of the parents.
The eyes are often swollen the first time and it is not uncommon for them to be a bit messy. Wash with lukewarm water. If your eyes become very red, swollen and messy, you can contact BVC for advice.
Sometimes the child may have slight bleeding / rupture of the eye whites. It may be due to the pressure during childbirth and will disappear spontaneously after some time.
Newborns are often stuffy in the nose and sneeze a lot. Sneezing is the child’s way of cheating and is usually not due to the child being cold. Newborns are rarely pre-cold thanks to the huge amount of antibodies they have acquired during fetal life and through breast milk.
The child’s hearing already works during fetal life and it recognizes the parents’ voices. In addition, all newborns’ hearing is tested at the hospital, either before returning home or during a possible return visit.