Since the active substance in cannabis – THC – is fat-soluble, it is concentrated in breast milk. For a nursing infant, this can have serious consequences.
Breastfeeding mothers should avoid alcohol and drugs as much as possible as these substances pass into the milk and can have a negative effect on milk production, the amount of milk, the milk content and the expulsion of breast milk. This is in addition to the fact that alcohol and drugs can have a direct harmful effect on the infant. All drugs that can cause newborns to become lethargic or drowsy can contribute to sudden infant death.
Concentrated in breast milk
Cannabis is on a list, which has been developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Drugs, which specifies which drugs should not be used by nursing mothers. The active component of cannabis, that is, the active substance that gives intoxication, is called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is fat-soluble and is rapidly absorbed in the brain and in adipose tissue. This means that THC is concentrated in breast milk. Analyzes made by breast milk in heavy addicts show that the concentration of TCH is eight times as high in breast milk as in blood. Infants who are exposed to cannabis through breast milk test positive for this for 2-3 weeks after the mother has taken the drug.
In the course of the child’s first year of life, there is a huge development and growth of the brain. Animal studies have shown that changes in brain cells occur in newborn animals exposed to cannabis through breast milk. There are studies suggesting that even infants can suffer serious and long-lasting effects if they are exposed to cannabis via breast milk, but so far no long-term studies of this have been conducted.
Increases the risk of sudden infant death
Infants who get cannabis through their mother’s milk often show signs of stunning and have a weak and poor eating pattern. It also increases the risk of sudden infant death. Cannabis intake can reduce mum’s milk production.
Breastfeeding women should not use cannabis. If a mother gets a lot of cannabis, it has been said that she should not breastfeed the baby. Passive cannabis smoking can also occur among children of mothers who smoke cannabis. This should also protect the child from.
A study published in Neurotoxicology and Teratology in March 1990 shows that infants exposed to cannabis through breast milk during the first month of life may have impaired or delayed motor development at one year of age.
Drug-affected mother – poor care
If the mother smokes cannabis, this can also make her worse off taking care of her child. The mother can have a disturbed view of reality that can make it difficult for her to deal with a crisis situation. She may have problems with fine motor activities and after the intoxication she may have a great need for deep sleep – which can lead to her not responding to the child’s needs.