Azerbaijan Country Information

By | May 3, 2022

“Persia in our way”, Azerbaijan is famous for its carpets, Zoroastrian temples, black tea in pot-bellied cups, forty varieties of pilaf and an abundance of historical monuments of the ancient history of mankind. Here, oil and siphon gas are almost everywhere from underground – even treatment at one of the most famous Azerbaijani resorts, Naftalan, involves “rolling” the patient up to his ears in “black gold”. No, not at all in order to “get used to the earth” – it turns out that the local grade of oil has a unique property: having penetrated the body, it magically “captures” all the slags with it, and then sweats out with them. According to, Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan.

Geography of Azerbaijan

The Republic of Azerbaijan is a state in the eastern part of Transcaucasia on the southwestern coast of the Caspian Sea. It borders with Russia (Dagestan) and Georgia in the north, Armenia in the west and Iran in the south. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, an exclave of Azerbaijan, borders Armenia in the northeast, Iran in the south, and Turkey in the west. More than half of the territory of Azerbaijan is occupied by mountains. In the north – the ridge of the Caucasus, in the middle part – the Kura lowland, in the southeast – the Talysh mountains and the Lankaran lowland.

Security in Azerbaijan

In Azerbaijan, you can freely take photos and videos, with the exception of the subway (this will require written permission from the management). If a tourist wants to take a picture of a stranger, you should first ask permission. Tap water is considered safe to drink, but boiled or bottled water is best. Hotels and restaurants most often use spring water in plastic bottles or also boil tap water. Mains voltage 220/240V, 50Hz. Sockets of the Eastern European type, with two pins.

Climate of Azerbaijan

The territory of the country is heterogeneous in terms of weather conditions due to altitudinal zonation (there are 8 climatic zones out of 11 existing in the world). The average temperature in July ranges from +5 °C in the highlands to +27 °C in the lowlands. January, respectively, from −10 °C to +3 °C. The maximum summer temperature can reach +45 °C, while in winter the thermometer in mountainous areas can drop to -40 °C at night. Strong northern winds are characteristic, mainly in autumn. The best time to visit the country is from April to October.

Rest in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a link between Western and Eastern civilizations. Formerly one of the main stops of the Great Silk Road, this country enchants with its sights and beautiful nature. First of all, Azerbaijan is interesting as a unique collection of archaeological monuments, some of which are several thousand years old. Tourists are very fond of strolling through mosques, fortresses, palaces, inherited from local rulers. In the capital of the state there is a whole “Baku Acropolis” – a historical and architectural reserve, a symbol of the city, with many attractions. On the Absheron Peninsula, you can find a network of abandoned fortresses, ruins of castles, fortifications. There is also a balneological resort Shikhovo, built on hydrogen sulfide sources. The nature of Azerbaijan is unique in that 9 out of 11 climatic zones existing in the world are located in the country at once. It turns out a kind of journey around the globe through rivers, waterfalls, mineral springs, as well as through deposits of medicinal (!) Oil.  In the Talysh mountains, one of the exotic regions of the country, there is a subtropical zone with mixed and broad-leaved forests. Residents of Azerbaijan love to relax not only on the shores of the Caspian Sea, but also in the Gabala, Guba, Shamakhi regions, where a good tourist infrastructure has been created. There are hotels, boarding houses, and interesting tourist routes.

Nature of Azerbaijan

The territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan has a rich flora. Over 4,500 species of flowering plants are distributed here, among which there are rare and endangered ones. On the territory of Azerbaijan there are broad-leaved forests, mixed forests, tugai forests, plantations of evergreens, subalpine light forests, alpine meadows (in the mountains). The fauna of Azerbaijan is also very diverse. Bear, wolf, deer, lynx, wild boar are found in the forests. In arid zones and plains, there are a large number of lizards, poisonous snakes and other reptiles, as well as hares, wolves, and foxes. Wild boars, roe deer, badgers, and jackals are found in the Kura and Araks valleys. Of the large animals, goitered gazelles live. There is a Dagestan tour, roe deer, chamois. In the shallow bays of the Caspian Sea, the world of birds is abundant and diverse – pheasants, partridges, black grouse.

National reserves

The nature of the country is very rich. Even unique forests have been preserved on its territory – a monument of the Cenozoic era. They are not found anywhere else in the world. Therefore, it is not surprising that the government constructs and maintains many of its protected areas. Such reserves as Kyzylagach, Zagatala and Shirvan are of international importance. The Girkan Reserve protects relict vegetation in the area of ​​the Talysh Mountains and the Lankaran Lowland. The Turianchay Reserve protects the famous Eldar pine. The natural complexes of the eastern part of the Greater Caucasus are protected by the Ismayilli Reserve, and one of the most beautiful lakes in the world – Goygol, and the surrounding natural complexes of the Lesser Caucasus, are protected by the Goygol Reserve. No less interesting are Aggelsky, Basutchaysky, Karayazsky, Kyzylagadzhsky, Pirkulinsky, Turianchaysky reserves.

Azerbaijan Country Information