Albania Sights, UNESCO, Climate and Geography

By | October 28, 2022

The Republic of Albania is located in the southeastern part of Europe on the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. It has been one of the poorest and least developed countries in Europe for years. More than half of the inhabitants are still working in agriculture.

According to wholevehicles, Albania has belonged to the Ottoman Empire for most of its past. In this period the inhabitants of the country were known for their warrior qualities and many political leaders came from this region. In 1912 Albania got the first form of self-government. As with so many countries, this did not run smoothly. There is even a circus performer crowned king here. This circus performer was a lookalike of the intended king. In the years that followed, much political unrest continued in the country and in 1925 the Republic of Albania was proclaimed. Only to be turned back into a kingdom three years later.

In 1939 the country was occupied by the Italians who had to hand it over to the Germans a few years later. After the Second World War, the monarchy was abolished and Albania became a communist country under slight pressure from Stalin and Russia. After Stalin’s death, Albania remained a Stalinist country, which made it increasingly isolated. Ties with all countries except China were severed, and after Mao Zedong’s death, these too were severed. Albania aspired to become an Autarkie. It remained this way until the death of Enver Hoxha. The heads of state after this did believe in cooperation with other countries and gradually contacts were restored. After a major popular uprising in 1991, communism was definitively abolished here. Today Albania is a member of the UN,

Albania is an increasingly popular holiday destination. Do not expect mass tourism here as in Greece and Spain, but rather compare it with Slovenia or the less touristy parts of Croatia. The facilities are still minimal in many places, but this is changing rapidly.


The greatest sights of Albania can be found on the UNESCO World Heritage List. These are the museum cities of Gjirokastër and Berat. The city of Berat is also known as the city of a thousand windows.

In Albania there are some important archaeological sites. The archaeological sites of Apollonia, Byllis, Butrint and Konispol all date back to Greek antiquity.

The coast of Albania is an increasingly popular holiday destination, especially the beaches of the places Durrës and Golem are very popular. The other beaches of Albania are certainly just as beautiful but still undiscovered by most tourists.

In the capital Tirana there are several museums such as the National History Museum, the National Art Gallery and the Exhibition of Popular Culture. Also the Opera building of Tirana the Palace of Culture is definitely worth a visit. The archaeological museum is located in the port city of Durrës.

The interior of Albania and especially the higher mountains is an increasingly popular winter sports destination. The facilities here are still minimal in many places, but this is gradually changing.


Albania has two inscriptions on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Butrint was added to the list in 1992. This ancient Greek city is located in southern Albania and is considered an important archaeological site. This registration has been expanded twice over the years. In 2005, the historic centers of the Gjirokastër and Berat were added to the list. Large parts of the old towns of Gjirokastër and Berat date back to the thirteenth century and are particularly well preserved.


For the most part Albania has a warm Mediterranean climate that can best be compared with the climate in Greece or Croatia, for example. The mountainous interior of Albania is noticeably cooler than the more coastal parts of the country. However, the difference is so minimal that they are still within the norms of the Mediterranean climate. The moderate Mediterranean climate applies here. Summers are generally warm and pleasant, but during the hottest part of the day, the mercury can really rise here. Heat waves regularly occur here. At these times it is best to stay near the sea. The pleasant sea breeze and the sea can then provide some cooling. The best time to travel to Albania is from May to September.

The winter months are mild in the coastal area with temperatures above freezing for the most part during the day and at night. In the interior, however, prolonged periods of frost can occur. In the higher parts of Albania there is regular snow and there is the possibility of winter sports.


Albania is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula on the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. Unlike other countries in this part of Europe, Albania has no significant islands. Albania has land borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Greece.

Several small rivers run through the country. However, most of these are not suitable for sailing. The main rivers of the country are the Drin, the Mat, the Shkumbin, the Vjosë and the Seman. There are also several large lakes in the country, the most famous of which are Lake Shkodër, Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa.

There are relatively few inhabitants in Albania, just over 3,000,000, so there are only a few really big cities here. Almost half a million live in the capital Tirana and the port of Durrës is also the only city in the country with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

The interior of Albania is rugged and quite mountainous, in addition, large parts of the Albanian interior consist of swamp. The highest point in the country at 2764 meters is Mount Korab which forms the border with Macedonia.

Travel advice

There are no special travel advices for travel in and to Albania. Albania is generally regarded as a safe holiday destination within the European Union. However, if you are going to visit the country during an election period, it is wise to check the current situation.

In general, it can be said that larger cities are slightly less safe than other parts of the country. The risk of robbery and theft is slightly higher here.

The medical facilities here leave much to be desired and cannot be compared with medical care as we know it in the Netherlands. You do not need any special vaccinations for a visit to Albania.

Travel documents

For a visit to Albania you must be in possession of a passport or identity card that is valid for at least three months. Dutch citizens and other residents of the European Union are allowed to travel freely within Albania. However, Albania is not yet part of the European Union.

Info table

Capital city tirana
Phone (country code) 355
Internet domain .already
Language(s) (official) Albanian
Language(s) (colloquial) Albanian, Greek and Vlach Romani
Religion(s) Islamic, Roman Catholic and Albanian Orthodox
Time zone(s) UTC+1
Time difference summer In Albania time runs parallel with the Netherlands
Time difference winter In Albania time runs parallel with the Netherlands
Daylight Saving Time Control yes, this is the same as in the Netherlands
Currencies Leak

Albania Sights